Women and men
Respondents describe male and female as energies, poles or sources of power in existence and within every human being and this is associated with Carl Gustav Jung's anima and animus as well as to the yin and yang of Taoist philosophy.
Based on psychoanalytic theory, the split in the two sexes has traditionally been seen as a fundamental and structuring principle, something that the growing individual needs to relate to and in one way or another reconcile with. This is in a way supported by the respondents. The view of men and women is essential. Based on feminist theory, this perhaps most of all resembles a distinctive thinking. At the same time, it emphasizes how all people contain both sides and that we are being fundamentally transformed. In this sense, the new worldview combines a conservative and a more radical or exotic conception of male and female with each other.
Löwendahl (2002), in her interview study on gender in the New Age, notes that the view of male and female is polarized in her material. These are seen as given categories. Men are perceived as logical and rational, while women are sensitive and intuitive. The informants emphasize female over male, that the former is more central to the spiritual search. The author comes to the conclusion that while in a writer like Simone de Beauvoir it is the woman who is "the Second Sex", among her informants the opposite view prevails: Here it is the man who is "the Other".
In this study, the interviewees are united in a critique of the "men of power" who dominate in science, church, politics, and more. However, it can be speculated that while for women this may have a more emancipatory motive, resistance to men performs a different function or has other effects.